Fungal Sinusitis Symptoms – What You Need To Know

Fungal Sinusitis Symptoms

When most people think of fungus, they think of the pizza topping or forest floor inhabitant. But the microscopic form of fungus can cause sickness in various places throughout the body. For instance, it’s fungus that is responsible for yeast infections. And candida, one of the most common types to affect humans, can contribute to a whole host of health ailments. But, fungal sinusitis is another condition that is caused by the pizza topping relative. A sinus infection that is caused by fungus is very different than that which is caused from a virus or bacteria. And, there are some characteristic fungal sinusitis symptoms you can look out for to indicate whether or not it’s the source of infection.

The mechanism of action occurring during a fungal infection of the sinuses is a curious one indeed, as described by The American Academy of Otolaryngology, which points out that normally, microscopic fungi prefer to feast on dead and decaying matter. Sometimes, however, they decide instead to eat when their affected host is still very much alive, and this can result in an infection such as serious invasive fungal sinusitis. Since fungi are very much at home in dark and damp living quarters, the sinuses make an excellent choice in residence, with an abundant source of food. There are multiple types of sinusitis that fungi can cause. And, fungal sinusitis symptoms can vary from type to type. Knowing the difference can help with both identification and treatment options as well.

Allergic fungal sinusitis is when a negative reaction to free floating air fungi occurs, as detailed by The American Academy of Otolaryngology. It’s more frequent in those who have suppressed immune systems and those who have a history of allergy related rhinitis (inflammation of the sinus area). Often times, this can happen in people who are consistently undergoing chronic sinusitis treatment in the first place. Fungal sinusitis symptoms in this variation can be severe, including fungal debris that is very thick and can even require surgery for removal in order to remedy the condition. Common other symptoms include discharge, coughing, headaches and facial pressure. Unfortunately, the condition can recur even after treatment has been implemented to resolve symptoms.

A more common form that can affect those without compromised immune systems is characterized by the formation of spores or a fungus ball contained within the sinus cavity, in Mycetoma fungal sinusitis. This can often occur following injury or trauma. Unlike other forms of sinusitis, there may be very little inflammation present with this form of the condition. But, there may still be excessive discomfort in the sinus area, as well as the occasional sinus headache as well. One characteristic symptom of the condition as noted by Medscape is nasal blowings being similar to that of gravel. Scraping of the affected area, as opposed to the use of antifungal remedies is most often the selected course of treatment for these fungal sinusitis symptoms.

Chronic Indolent sinusitis is one of the more severe forms of the condition. Most commonly, this condition occurs in locations that are not in the United States. While a headache is a relatively common part of sinusitis, the headache associated with chronic indolent fungal sinusitis symptoms can literally last for years. And visual impairment can even result from the swelling of the face that can accompany the condition. In short, it’s one of the most severe forms of fungal sinusitis, and it’s considered invasive and very serious.

Medscape indicates that identifying fungal sinusitis symptoms in order to determine if the condition is invasive or non invasive is very important (http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/863062-overview). This is because while the allergy related form that can be a big cause of rhinitis is common, other types can be very serious and require prompt and often serious medical care. And, in some cases, a high mortality rate can be attributed to types of fungal sinusitis. For instance, fulminant sinusitis (more common in people with very depressed immune systems) can be so severe that it can contribute to the outright obliteration of the sinuses and make its way to the brain and eyes as well.

Sinusitis treatment when fungus is the culprit is always surgery, which is used to completely remove the offending cause of infection. In some cases, the fungal sinusitis symptoms can return if the treatment is unsuccessful or if the condition recurs. It’s very important that due to the seriousness of sinus infections caused by fungus that if symptoms present that medical attention is sought out as quickly as possible, especially if high risk factors are present such as trouble with the immune system or a history of chronic sinusitis and asthma.